Carbon fiber was first discovered in the 1970’s when extensive research was happening to find alternative materials for metals. Initially, carbon fibers were not widely accepted due to its limited compression strength and high price. However, today, a lot of developments have been made on carbon fiber, and its use is extensive in various end-use industries such as aerospace & defense, automotive, sporting goods, wind energy, marine, civil engineering, pipe & tank, electrical & electronics, oil & gas, 3D printing, high-speed rail, hydrogen gas storage, and others. Carbon fiber is a long, thin strand of material made from carbon. The carbon content is more than 90% for standard modulus industrial grade and almost 100% for high modulus aerospace grade. Carbon fiber is produced from raw materials such as PAN, pitch, rayon, or other organic fibers.
The pressing need of the transportation industry to produce lightweight vehicles with superior functional capabilities is driving the lightweight metal alloys penetration in the industry. CAFÉ regulations and growing demand for electric vehicles are pushing the automakers to adopt lightweight solutions. Aluminum and magnesium alloys are the most commonly used lightweight metals, followed by titanium and beryllium. Lightweight material can drastically reduce the overall weight of the vehicle, reduce CO2 emissions, improve fuel consumption, and are completely recyclable.
Water is vital for both industrial and municipal use. The technology for water treatment in the industrial sector differs fundamentally from that in the municipal sector as functions vary as per specific needs of each sector. In the industrial sector, demand for water treatment varies between industries and location of the establishment. Highly customized and integrative technologies are used in treating water in the industrial sector. On the other hand, municipal water treatment requires established techniques and processes to purify water and fulfill public demand.
Nouryon (formerly, AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals) to double production capacity of organic peroxides at its Los Reyes site, Mexico to meet increased customer demand for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyolefin in North America. The expansion is planned to be completed by the first half of 2020.
“Tesla is setting up a new factory in China to expand its market share in this geography, with the promotion of model 3 and model y in this market. This is expected to increase the demand for lithium-ion battery, which would infuse growth in the Battery Packaging market.
Paint is any liquid mixture that converts into solid film after it is applied to a surface in a thin layer. A coating is a covering that is applied to a surface for decorative and protective purposes. It includes all organic and inorganic coatings such as enamels, varnishes, emulsions, and bituminous coatings. The word “coating” may be used broadly to refer to any colored or clear product, and the word “paint” is used to describe a pigmented product with an organic or inorganic binder.
The term engineering plastics usually refers to thermoplastic materials (polymers that are pliable or moldable above a specific temperature, and upon cooling gets back to a solid state) rather than thermosetting ones (polymers that are irreversibly cured).